This article provides answers to the following questions:
- What is a dental implant?
- Why is it more beneficial than traditional prostheses?
- Who is it recommended for?
- How does the operation take place?
- How much does it cost?
But let’s start at the beginning, what is a dental implant?
An implant is a titanium screw that is able to osseointegrate with the jawbone when implanted. After the ossification is completed, it can be used as a tooth root for any kind of bridge, crown or denture.
Following the loss of teeth, the bone begins to absorb, so the jawbone starts to shrink as well. For this reason, our faces are getting hollow and we look as if we were ailing. Unfortunately, this process remains for traditional prostheses, which means that a dental prosthesis or an over-bridging of a missing tooth cannot stop the bone absorption. However, an implant can help the bone remain intact, as the bone cells grow into the micropores on the surface of the implant, thus the mouth and the facial muscles are not damaged either.
Why are implant supported dentures more beneficial than traditional dentures?
The greatest advantage of fixed teeth placed on an implant is that it lasts forever and it is stable. If you have already had a dental removable denture, you would experience a positive change, because the feeling of having natural teeth remains, not to mention the fact that traditional prostheses make it harder to consume certain foods. Fix teeth replacements also increase your confidence, because you can freely laugh, eat and drink again without being afraid that it slides from its place. The procedure is fast and painless, and no allergic reaction has ever been observed.
Whom are dentures on implants recommended?
Practically anyone, even though a preliminary laboratory test and a medical examination by a specialist are of course necessary, and smoking is a serious risk factor. The personalised treatment plans are in each case formed in accordance with the specific needs.
What does the surgical procedure involve?
Prior to any decision made regarding the replacement, an initial consultation is required, during which the dental records of the patient are evaluated, an x-ray and a CT scan (if necessary) are done – both will serve to determine the location of the nerves, and the amount of bone available for implant insertion. Then the best locations for the implants can be determined. In general, it can be said, that full stabilisation of a denture requires 6 or 8 implants.
Dental prosthesis can be performed in either one phase or two phases.
Single-phase implants can be applied even with significant bone defects present, because at time of implantation, the patient receives the temporary or permanent fix denture as well. In such case, perforation is made where the implant is placed, and the implants are put through the mucosa, eventually ’sticking out’ of it.
In case of two-phase implantation, the implant is inserted on first occasion, and at the end of operation, the gum located above the implant will be sewn together. Nowadays absorbable sutures are used, which greatly help in sparing the patient the discomfort that would be caused by suture removal. If needed, the amount of available bone is increased at the time of implant placement by means of dental bone grafting. Then, about 3-6 months will be needed for the ossification process, before the permanent teeth replacement can be applied.
Finally, an important question: How much do the treatment costs?
The costs vary significantly, both depending on the geographical location and (naturally) the implant manufacturer. More and more people tend to come to Hungary from abroad to take advantage of this service, especially patients living in Great Britain, Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Italy. The reasoning behind this is simple: foreigners can have a far less expensive, but still excellent and high-level service in Hungary. Eventually, they leave happy with their brand new, radiant smile.